Sunday, 16 March 2014

Flight KAL007 : Disturbing Black Box Transcript

Flight Kal007

October 14th 1992

President Boris Yeltsin releases a transcript of KAL 007's Black box. However, the transcript reveals the Russian fighters did not warn the passenger jet before shooting it down.

SpeakerSource of transcript
Soviet ground controllers and command posts1993 Russian transcript
Soviet fighter pilots1983 US-Japanese intercept of pilot transmissions[3]/1993 Russian transcript[2]
KAL 007 cockpit/cabin1993 CVR
KAL 007 radio transmissionsATC recording
Tokyo/Anchorage ATCATC recording/CVR


1749Capt. Solodkov: "Two pilots have just been sent up, command at the command post, we do not know what is happening just now, it's heading straight for our Island [Sakhalin], to Terpienie [Bay] somehow, this looks very suspicious to me, I don't think the enemy is stupid, can it be one of ours?"
1753First documented order for shootdown.
General Anatoli Kornukov (Photo[Notes 1]), commander of Sokol Air base on Sakhalin to the command post of General Valeri Kamenski, Commander of Air Defense Forces for the Far East Military District, "...simply destroy [it] even if it is over neutral waters? Are the orders to destroy it over neutral waters? Oh, well."[8]
1754:26The Cockpit Voice Recorder records about the last half hour of an aircraft's flight continually playing over itself as the flight progresses. KAL 007's CVR tape (as well as the tape of the Flight Data Recorder) was stopped one minute and 44 seconds after missile detonation at 18:26:02, though the flight would continue for over 10 minutes more. Here is the beginning of the half hour taping of KAL 007's Flight Deck conversation:
1754:26Flight Deck: "Have you had a long flight recently?"
1754:28Flight Deck: "From time to time"
1754:30Flight Deck: "Sounds good, as far as I know Chief Pilot Park has a long flight occasionally, but Chief Pilot Lee has..."
1800Ground controllers are given orders on how to direct the jets to intercept the Korean airliner
Kornukov: "Bring him up, bring Osipovich in to the prescribed distance. You do not engage him to the target from the aft hemisphere, you do not engage him right on the tail, keep the angle of approach." Kozlov [Fighter Control, Sokol airbase]: "Roger, executing. " Kornukov: "Don't forget, it [the target] has cannons in the rear there" Kozlov: "Roger, executing. Kornukov: But faster, for the fighter, rather, the target is entering the zone above the one-hundred-kilometers waters [identification zone]." Kozlov: "Wilco"
1804–05KAL 007, off course, and KAL 015, on course, compare wind velocity and direction. KAL 015 is encountering tailwinds while KAL 007 is encountering headwinds
KAL 015: "Um Um We are now having an unexpected strong tailwind How much do you get there? How much and which direction?" KAL 007: "206. Ask him how many knots?..." KAL 007: "Ah! You got so much! We still got headwind. Headwind 215 degrees, 15 knots." KAL 015: "Is it so? But according to flight plan wind direction 360, 15 knots approximately." KAL 007: "Well, it may be like this."
1805:53Maj. Osipovich, callsign "805", in his Su-15 intercepted KAL 007: "On heading 240"
1805:56Osipovich: "Am observing."
1808Kozlov (Combat Controller Sokol Airbase): "He has the target in sight"
Kornukov: "He can see it? How many jet trails are coming from it?" Kozlov: "Say again, Kornukov: How many jet trails are there, if there are four jet trails, then it's anRC-135"
1811:30–39KAL 007 Flight Crew: "I have heard that there is currency exchange at your airport." "In the airport currency exchange? What kind of money?" "Dollar to Korean money." "That's in the domestic building too, domestic building too."
1811Air Controller Titovnin: "Can you see the target, 805?"
1811Osipovich: "I see both visually and on the screen".
1811Lt. Col. Titovnin: "Roger, report lock-on".[9]
1812Kornukov: "Gerasimenko!"
Lt. Col. Gerasimenko (41st fighter Regiment Command Post): "Yes" Kornukov: "Well, what, don't you understand? I said bring [him] up to a range of 4 kilometers, 4–5 kilometers, identify the target. You understand that weapons are going to have to be used now and you are holding [him] at a range of 10. Give the pilot [his] orders."
1812Radar at Wakkanai picked up KAL 007 for the first time.[10]
1813:05Osipovich: "I see it. I am locked onto the target."
1813General Kornukov: "Chaika" (Call sign for Far East Military District Air Defence Forces). Titovnin: "Yes, sir. He sees [it] on the radar screen, He sees [it] on the screen, He has locked on, he is locked on, he is locked on."
18:13:26Osipovich: "The target isn't responding to the call."
1813Titovnin: 805, Is the target's heading 240?
1813:35Osipovich: "Affirmative. The target's heading is 240 degrees."
1813Titovnin: Roger, arm your weapons
1813Osipovich: Turned on
1814Gen Kornukov to Gen. Kamenski: "Comrade General, Kamenski, Good morning. I am reporting the situation. Target 60-65 is over Terpenie Bay [East Coast of Sakhalin] tracking 240, 30 kilometers from the State Border. The fighter from Sokol is 6 kilometers away. Locked on, orders were given to arm weapons. The target is not responding to identify. He cannot identify it visually because it is still dark, but he is still locked on."
Gen. Kamenski: "We must find out, maybe it is some civilian craft or God knows who." Kornukov: "What civilian? [It] has flown over Kamchatka! It [came] from the ocean without identification. I am giving the order to attack if it crosses the State border."
1814:59KAL 007 contacted Tokyo air traffic control requesting permission to climb to FL350 [35,000 feet].
1814:59KAL 007: "Tokyo Radio Korean Air zero zero seven"
1815Titovnin: "Maistrenko Comrade Colonel, that is, Titovnin."
Col. Maistrenko (Operations Duty Officer, Combat Control Center): "Yes". Titovnin: "The commander has given orders that if the border is violated—destroy [the target]." Maistrenko: "...May [be] a passenger [aircraft]. All necessary steps must be taken to identify it." Titovnin: "Identification measures are being taken, but the pilot cannot see. It's dark. Even now it's still dark." Maistrenko: "Well, okay. The task is correct. If there are no lights—it cannot be a passenger [aircraft]."
1815:03Tokyo radio: "Korean Air zero zero seven Tokyo"
1815:07KAL 007: "Korean Air zero zero seven requesting climb three five zero"
1815:13Tokyo radio: "Requesting three five zero?"
1815:15KAL 007: "That is affirmative now maintain at three three zero Korean Air zero zero seven"
1815:19Tokyo radio: "Roger stand by call you back"
1815:21KAL 007: "Roger"
1815:21Flight deck: "Oh my God! This radio is very bad"
1815:52[Audible morse transmission starts]
1817:44KAL 007: "Korean Air zero zero seven Selcal"
1820:11Toyko radio: "Korean Air zero zero seven. Clearance Tokyo ATC clears Korean Air zero zero seven climb and maintain flight level 350"[11]
1820:21KAL 007: "Ah roger Korean Air 007 climb and maintain at 350 leaving 330 at this time."
1820:28Tokyo radio: "Tokyo roger."
1821:35Osipovich: "Yes, I'm approaching the target. I'm going in closer."
1821:35Osipovich: "The target's (strobe) light is blinking. I have already approached the target to a distance of about 2 kilometers."
1821:40Osipovich: "The target is at 10,000 metres (33,000 ft)."
1821:55Osipovich: "What are instructions?"
1822:02KAL 007 decreased speed as it climbed, causing the pursuing fighter to draw abeam of it.
Osipovich: "The target is decreasing speed."
1822:17Osipovich: "I am going around it. I'm already moving in front of the target."
1822:17Titovnin: "Increase speed, 805" [call sign of Osipovich's Sukhoi].
1822:23Osipovich: "I have increased speed."
1822:23Titovnin: "Has the target increased speed, yes?"
1822:29Osipovich: "No, it is decreasing speed."
1822:29Titovnin: "805, open fire on target."
1822:42Osipovich: "It should have been earlier. How can I chase it? I'm already abeam of the target."
1822:42Titovnin: "Roger, if possible, take up a position for attack."
1822:55Osipovich: "Now I have to fall back a bit from the target."
1821–22Kornukov: "Gerasimenko, cut the horseplay at the command post, what is that noise there? I repeat the combat task: fire missiles, fire on target 60-65."
Gerasimenko: "Wilco"
Kornukov: "Comply and get Tarasov here. Take control of the Mig-23 from Smirnykh, call sign 163, call sign 163, he is behind the target at the moment. Destroy the target!"
Gerasimenko: "Task received. Destroy target 60-65 with missile fire, accept control of fighter from Smirnykh"
Kornukov: "Carry out the task, destroy [it]!"
1822:55Gen. Kornukov: "Oh, [‍expletives] how long does it take him to get into attack position, he is already getting out into neutral waters? Engage afterburner immediately. Bring in the MiG 23 as well... While you are wasting time it will fly right out."[12]
Titovnin: "805, try to destroy the target with cannons."
1822:56The Boeing reports reaching its newly assigned altitude
KAL 007: "Tokyo Radio Korean Air 007 reaching level three five zero".[11]
1823:37Osipovich: "I am dropping back. Now I will try a rocket."
1823:37Titovnin: "Roger."
1823:49MiG 23 (163): "Twelve kilometers to the target. I see both [the Soviet interceptor piloted by Osipovich and KAL 007]."
18:23:37Titovnin: "805, approach target and destroy target."
1824:22Osipovich: "Roger, I am in lock-on."
1824:22Titovnin: "805, are you closing on the target?"
1825:11Osipovich: "I am closing on the target, am in lock-on. Distance to target is 8 kilometers."
1825:11Titovnin: "Afterburner. AFTERBURNER, 805!"
1825:16Osipovich: "I have already switched it on."
1825:16Titovnin: "Launch!"
1825:46Osipovich: "Z.G." (Fuel panel light)
1826:02Cockpit: [Sound of explosion?]
1826:06Captain: "What's happened?"
1826:08Co-pilot: "What?"
1826:10Captain: "Retard throttles."
1826:11Co-Pilot: "Engines normal."
1826:14Captain: "Landing gear."
1826:15Cockpit: [Sound of cabin altitude warning]
1826:17Captain: "Landing gear."
1826:18Cockpit: [Sound of altitude deviation warning]
1826:20Osipovich: "I have executed the launch."
1826Kornukov: "Well, what do you hear there?"
Gerasimenko: "He has launched" Kornukov: "I did not understand" Gerasimenko: "He has launched" Kornukov: "He has launched, follow the target, follow the target, withdraw yours from the attack and bring the MiG-23 in there."
1826:21Cockpit: [Sound of autopilot disconnect warning]
1826:22Captain: "Altitude is going up. Altitude is going up. Speed brake is coming out."[Flight Data Recorder will show that speed brake had not deployed]
1826:22Major Osipovich mistakenly (as subsequent Russian real-time military telecommunications show) reports the Boeing is destroyed
Osipovich: "The target is destroyed."[11]
1826:22Titovnin: "Break off attack to the right, heading 360."
1826:26Co-Pilot: "What? What?"
1826:27Osipovich: "I am breaking off attack."
1826:27Cockpit: [Unintelligible]
1826:29Captain: "Check it out."
1826:33Captain: "I am not able to drop altitude."
1826:33MiG-23: "What are (my) instructions?"
1826:34Public Address: "Attention emergency descent"
1826:38Public Address: "Attention emergency descent"
1826:38Crew: "Altitude is going up."
1826:40Crew: "This is not working. This is not working."
1826:41Crew: "Manually."
1826:42Crew: "Cannot do manually."
1826:42Public Address: "Attention emergency descent"
1826:43Cockpit: [Sound of the autopilot disconnect warning] ICAO graphing of Digital Flight Data Recorder tapes will show that autopilot has now been disengaged and manual control begun. KAL 007 now begins descent phase of arc.
1826:45Co-Pilot: "Engines are normal sir."[13]
1826:46Public Address: "Put out your cigarette. This is an emergency descent."
1826:47MiG-23: "My wing tanks have lit up. The fuel remainder differs by 600 litres for now.
1826:48Cockpit: [Unintelligible]
1826:49Public Address: "Put out your cigarette. This is an emergency descent."
1826:50Captain: "Is it power compression?"
1826:51Flight Engineer: "Is that right?"
1826:52Public Address: "Put out your cigarette, this is an emergency descent."
1826:52Flight Engineer: "All of both."
1826:53Osipovich: "Fuel remainder 1,600"
1826:54Captain: "Is that right?"
1826:55Public Address: "Put the mask over your nose and mouth and adjust the headband."
1826:57Co-Pilot: "Tokyo radio Korean Air 007."
1826Soviet commanders become aware that target is not destroyed.
Lt. Col Novoseltski: "Well, what is happening, what is the matter, who guided him in, he locked on, why didn't he shoot it down?"[14]
1827:01Public Address: "Put the mask over your nose and mouth and adjust the headband."
1827:01Osipovich: "I am executing. What is the distance to the airfield?"
1827:02Tokyo radio: "Korean Air 007, Tokyo."
1827:04"Accentuated breathing during the transmission indicated that an oxygen mask was being worn"[15]
Co-Pilot: "Roger, Korean Air 007...ah, we are experiencing..."
1827:05Osipovich: "Roger"
1827:08Public Address: "Put the mask over your nose and mouth and adjust the headband."
1827:08MiG-23: "What heading?"
1827:09Flight Engineer: "All compression."
1827:10Captain: "Rapid decompression. Descend to one zero thousand."
1827:15Public Address: "Attention emergency descent."
1827:20ICAO graphing of Digital Flight Data Recorder tapes now show that after a descent phase and a 10 second "nose-up", KAL 007 is now leveled out at pre-missile detonation altitude of 35,000 ft., forward acceleration is now back to pre-missile detonation rate of zero acceleration, and air speed has returned to pre-detonation velocity. Yaw (oscillations), begun at the time of missile detonation, continue decreasingly until the end of the minute 44 second portion of CVR tape
1827:20Flight Engineer: "Now...we have to set this."
1827:21Tokyo radio: "Korean Air 007, radio check on one zero zero four eight."
1827:23Public Address: "Attention emergency descent."
1827:23Flight Engineer: "Speed."
1827:26Flight Engineer: "Stand by. Stand by. Stand by. Stand by. Set."
1827:27Public Address: "Put out your cigarette. This is an emergency descent."
1827:29MiG-23: "I'm executing left to a heading of 180. (Altitude) 7,500 metres (24,600 ft)"
1827:30Public Address: "Put out your cigarette. This is an emergency descent."
1827:33Public Address: "Put out your cigarette this is an emergency descent."
1827:38Public Address: "Put the mask over your nose and mouth and adjust the headband."
1827:43Public Address: "Put the mask over your nose and mouth and adjust..."
1827:46End of CVR recording

taken from wikisource

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